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By the time the American Civil War broke out in 1861 both ether and

By the time the American Civil War broke out in 1861 both ether and


By the time the American Civil War broke out in 1861, both ether and chloroform had been in use for several years as methods of surgical anesthesia.

The creation of black regiments was another kind of innovation during the Civil War. Northern

Fort Sumter Ablaze

Pennsylvania Light Artillery, Battery B, Petersburg, Virginia. Photograph by Timothy H.

Enslaved African Americans who took freedom into their own hands and ran to Union lines congregated

Union General Winfield Scott's Anaconda Strategy, 1861

Q. What did soldiers eat? Civil War ...

Baltimore Riot, 1861. At the beginning of the war ...

Contrary to popular belief, most surgeries during the Civil War were performed under some kind of anesthesia—either ether or chloroform.

Part 1 of 3: Minnesotans were key to winning Civil War

Amputations were a common form of treatment during the war. While it saved the lives

With crowds of people filling every inch of ground around the U.S. Capitol, President Lincoln

Soldiers facing death, 1861. Photo: Library of Congress

National Museum of Civil War Medicine

Wounded at Savage Station

First Battle of Bull Run, Chromolithograph by Kurz & Allison, 1889, Library of

Ether and Chloroform

CSS Virginia and USS Monitor

4 - Massed Ranks 02

6 - Bull Run 01

Angelo Crapsey, 1861

Civil War stamps[edit]

New and more destructive warfare technology emerged during this time that utilized discoveries and innovations in

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How photography brought home the Civil War

Getty Images

Civil War Letters Grapple with Gender, Interracial Marriage, and Working-Class Life

This African American family dressed in their finest clothes (including a USCT uniform) for

Casualties by War

After WVA became a state in the midst of the Civil War in 1863, my great great grandfather Greenberry Buchanan became a soldier in this Union Calvary.

Amazon.fr - Bleeding Blue and Gray: Civil War Surgery and the Evolution of American Medicine - Ira Rutkow - Livres

... American Civil War Union Infantry 1861-65 ...

Queen Victoria was a badass lady, but her views on women v. men were

"Played Out" by Edwin Forbes. "

Sent to then Secretary of War Simon Cameron on April 13, 1861, this telegraph

The Triumph, 1862

A common myth from the Civil War is that bullets were used for patients to bite during surgery. On the contrary, both chloroform and ether were available ...

In response to the attack, President Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to serve three months to suppress the rebellion. The American Civil War ...

American Civil War Union Infantry 1861-65

3 The ...

Surgical kits used in the American Civil War.


The Horrors of Civil War Surgery Soft lead bullets caused most Civil War battle wounds,

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Pauline Cushman was an American actress, a perfect occupation for a wartime spy. Using

American slavery 1860, from http://www.bettersouth.org/

Hand-colored lithograph of the Second Battle of Bull Run, August 29, 1862. Keen was present at the first battle—in 1861—as a volunteer medical officer.

A visit to the Civil War surgeon, often literally a “sawbones,” was

Men dressed in period costume of the 1800s portray soldiers from the Civil War during a

American Civil War 1861-1865 on Instagram: “Confederate artillery near Charleston, South Carolina in 1861. #AmericanCivilWar #Confederate #SouthCarolina”

... American Civil War Union Infantry 1861-65 ...

The Nilands: Uncovering A 19th Century Working Class Dublin Family's Story in the American Pension Files

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Battle of Gettysburg. Longstreet's attack upon the left center of the Union line. July 2, 1863 Alfred R. Waud. Published in Harpers Weekly August 8, 1863, ...

Robert E. Lee Confederate commander. The Commemoration of the American Civil War ...

With a plethora of colorful nicknames, alcohol was widely abused in both Union and Confederate

Willie and Tad Lincoln with Cousin Lockwood Todd, Library of Congress

The affidavit of Margaret Flynn in support of Ellen Niland's claim. Margaret was illiterate as demonstrated by her mark (NARA)

in this Harper's Weekly Illustration, Unionists in East Tennessee Swear Fealty to the Union Flag

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Reproduction of a table summarizing 12,980 cases of head injury and their outcome. (Reproduced from The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the ...

Battle of Bull Run- July 1861 Battle of Shiloh- April 1862

With the passage of the Fifteenth Amendment, droves of African American men went to the polls to exercise their newly recognized right to vote.

Alice Carey Risley, the last surviving Civil War battlefield nurse, receiving a kiss from

Bull Run - Union Rout and Retreat

With a plethora of colorful nicknames, alcohol was widely abused in both Union and Confederate


The ladies were dead serious about getting their menfolk to join up for the cause,

Clara Barton

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4 Civil ...

Civil War soldiers burned bridges in order to obstruct the enemy's pursuit. Then they rebuilt them. Timothy O'Sullivan, a Union photographer with Mathew ...

Civil War sheet music, Confederate America Civil War, Confederate States Of America, Confederate

Cooper's Battery

Field Hospital at Savage Station

The Local Legacy of U.S. Colored Units, American Civil War

Collecting the Dead. Cold Harbor, Virginia. April, 1865. Via Library of Congress.

In May 2012, Helena Iles Papaioannou, a research assistant with the Papers of Abraham Lincoln, was systematically searching the Letters Received series of ...

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Fig. 2.

Blacks, both free and slave, fought for the Confederacy.

... American Civil War Union Infantry 1861-65 ...

Contraband Slaves @ Cumberland Landing, Virginia , 1862

The ...

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The other states The beginning of the Civil War forced other states to choose a side

Carousel - 1 photo from Carousel Southern Pride, Southern Belle, Southern Girls, Confederate

“President Lincoln on Battle-Field of Antietam.”: President Lincoln visiting the Army of the Potomac at the Antietam battlefield, September 1862.

National Museum of Civil War Medicine

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